Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

PERFORMANCE OF TWO HYBRIDS OF Helianthus annuus L. (SUNFLOWER) UNDER THE STRESS OF HEAVY METALS i.e. ZINC AND COPPER

Author archives:

PERFORMANCE OF TWO HYBRIDS OF Helianthus annuus L. (SUNFLOWER) UNDER THE STRESS OF HEAVY METALS i.e. ZINC AND COPPER

ABSTRACT

 

PERFORMANCE OF TWO HYBRIDS OF Helianthus annuus L. (SUNFLOWER) UNDER THE STRESS OF HEAVY METALS i.e. ZINC AND COPPER

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Aqsa Butt, Shamim Umer, Rubina Altaf

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2020.08.11

A pot experiment was conducted in University of Agriculture Faisalabad to assess the effect of Cu and Zn uptake on morphological, physiological, biochemical and yield attributes of Helianthus annuus L.(Sunflower). Two hybrids FH-612 and FH-621 were used during this study. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four treatments and three replicates. After 20 days of germination the plants were subjected to different levels of ZnCl2, CuSO4 and with their combination. Three harvests were taken at an interval of seven days each to study the growth rate, morphological, physiological and biochemical attributes. At the maturity of crops final harvest was taken and yield attributes were recorded. Data of various attributes were statistically analyzed. It was observed that both the metals caused negative effect on growth rate as well as the other parameters studied. The effect was more pronounced in the metal combination treatment. Ultimately the yield was significantly reduced due to the effect of metals in both hybrids. However hybrid FH-612 revealed slight tolerance towards Cu and Zn toxicity as compared to its counterpart. FH- 621. Thus it was concluded that Cu and Zn affect the morphological, physiological and yield attributes of sunflower when applied in higher concentration.

Pages 08-11
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

Download

Posted by din

HYDRODYNAMIC MODELLING IN INSHORE REEF AREA WITHIN KUANTAN COASTAL REGION

ABSTRACT

 

HYDRODYNAMIC MODELLING IN INSHORE REEF AREA WITHIN KUANTAN COASTAL REGION

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Muhammad Faiz Mohd Hanapiah, Shahbudin Saad, Zuhairi Ahmad

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2020.01.07

Current circulation provides major transport mechanism especially for benthic organism in the ocean. The present study described current circulation in inshore reef area within Kuantan coastal region by applying a numerical modelling of MIKE 21 Flow Model FM software. Model simulation produced good outcomes when compared with field data measurement with root mean square error (RMSE) for surface elevation, current speed and direction were below 20. Results also clearly indicated that current speed in inshore reef area was highly correlated with local tidal pattern in which higher flow speed were observed during high tides compared to low tide. Contrary to previous belief, our results clearly show the prevalence of tidal forcing in shaping current flow pattern in the study area since the impact of wind forcing was minimal during different monsoon seasons. This study gave new insight into how local tidal properties can regulate hydrodynamic pattern especially in fine-scale inshore reef area.

Pages 01-07
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

Download

Posted by din

PERFORMANCE OF FOXTAIL MILLET IN CHARLAND AREA

ABSTRACT

 

PERFORMANCE OF FOXTAIL MILLET IN CHARLAND AREA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Jubaidur Rahman, Mukaddasul Islam Riad, AA Begum, MR Ali, RR Saha

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2020.01.02

The experiment was conducted at the charland area of Jamalpur during rabi 2018 to know the yield performance and popularize foxtail millet in charland areas. Treatments included in the experiment were: BARI Kaon-1, BARI Kaon-2, BARI Kaon-3 and Kaon (local). Considering other characters and highest yield were better performed in BARI Kaon-2 which is statistically similar BARI Kaon-1and Kaon (local) cultivar. All the foxtail millet varieties/cultivar might be cultivate in char land because of low price of seed, availability of its seeds, less risk and water requirement, easily grown without modern technology.

Pages 01-02
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

Download

Posted by din

HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF LEKKI, AJAH AND IKORODU WATER RESOURCES,SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

 

HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF LEKKI, AJAH AND IKORODU WATER RESOURCES,SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Okpoli CC and Iselowo DO

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.20.24

Water resources are essential drinking water resource in developing cities, especially where no public water supply exists because of an insufficient infrastructure. Hydrogeochemistry of Lagos state was carried out to evaluate the ionic composition of the water. Coordinates was taken during sampling of water samples from Lekki, Ajah and Ikorodu areas. Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) was used for the geochemical analysis. The results revealed that (Ajah 1 -5) to be: mixed, magnesium bicarbonate, between calcium and sodium, sodium chloride and mixed type water respectively. Lekki axis from (1-5): mixed -calcium sulphate and sodium chloride, Sodium chloride, mixed – between Sodium chloride and magnesium bicarbonate, mixed- sodium chloride and calcium sulphate and mixed type waters respectively. The dominance of cations like Na, Ca, Mg and anion SO4- as well as lower K indicates the significance of silicate weathering and agricultural sources, resistance of potassium minerals to weathering in the study area. The source for HCO3- might have been attributed from sources like atmospheric CO2+ and soil organic materials while Cl- and NO3- suggested anthropogenic activities like agricultural influences. Lekki and Ikorodu surface water bodies falls within the mixed (saline and calcium sulphate) -permanently hard while Ajah falls into temporary hard water.

Pages 20-24
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN SOFT TISSUE OF SACCOSTREA CUCULLATA IN TERENGGANU AND EAST JOHOR COASTAL WATERS

ABSTRACT

 

DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN SOFT TISSUE OF SACCOSTREA CUCULLATA IN TERENGGANU AND EAST JOHOR COASTAL WATERS

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Siti Nabila Mat Ali, Muhammad Farhan Kammoo, Nik Nurizni Nik Ali, Mohd Fuad Miskon

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.14.19

This study determined the concentration and accumulation pattern of REEs in the soft tissue of Saccostrea cucullata with respect to interspatial variability. Variability in the concentration of REEs in soft tissue of S. cucullata was observed in all samples with significant differences among samples associated with sampling sites (p < 0.05). The distribution pattern of REEs’ concentration in soft tissue of S. cucullata is uniformly distributed among sampling sites with enrichment of light REE, LREE over heavy REE, HREE. The same accumulation pattern indicate that REEs are transported as a coherent group in aquatic ecosystem. All REEs yielded positive correlation among each elements in the soft tissue of S. cucullata. Average distribution of REEs in soft tissue of S. cucullata indicated that East Johor has the most abundance of REEs’ concentration compared to Terengganu coastal water. This occurrence probably due to higher urbanization and industrialization activities such as sewage and effluent wastes. ST10 located in East Johor region has the most abundance of REEs while ST4 located in Terengganu region has the lowest concentration of REEs with Ce as the most abundance element and Dy as the least abundance element. The distribution pattern of REEs’ concentration in this study is slightly different. There is significant differences between concentration of all REEs in the soft tissue of S. cucullata in the year of 2013 and 2017 except for La, Ce and Nd (p < 0.05).

Pages 14-19
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF BLACK SMOKE ORIGINATE FROM KILNS ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

ABSTRACT

 

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF BLACK SMOKE ORIGINATE FROM KILNS ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Muhammad Tariq Sarwar, Hanhui Zhan, Muhammad Adrees, Jia xin Yang, Li Rong

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.11.13

In recent years, rural industries have developed unexpectedly leading to augmented pollution and consequently affected human health, agriculture, horticulture as well as forestry. Transportation, urbanization and brick kilns playing an important role in the devastation of the environment and also cause global warming. Used different kinds of materials as fuel like wood, oil, saw dust and coal to burn the brick kilns. Many harmful and dangerous gases produced such as Oxides of Nitrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Carbon monoxide and particulate matters. These emissions from brick kilns damage the environment and also hazardous for human health. This study provides the basic information to understand the issues and highlight their impacts on the natural environment, food production and human health arising from the brick kilns emissions.

Pages 11-13
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

DESIGNING A GUIDELINE FOR GREEN ROOF SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

 

DESIGNING A GUIDELINE FOR GREEN ROOF SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Siew, Z. B., Chin, C. M. M, Sakundarini, N.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.05.10

Green roof system is widely implemented because of its environmental and economic benefits and aesthetic value to a building. There are numerous successful green roof projects, both extensive and intensive in Malaysia. However, there is no specific technical guideline for the planning, design and construction of green roof system catered to the climate and background of Malaysia. The aim of the research is to propose and develop a technical guideline of extensive green roof system in Malaysia on the planning, design and construction aspects of vegetation, substrate, filter, drainage and root penetration barrier. Comparative literature review of guidelines from Hong Kong, Singapore and Sydney were leveraged upon to propose an appropriate guideline for Malaysia’s market. In-depth interviews were carried out with green roof experts to collect feedbacks on the proposed guideline in the validation stage. The output from this research will conceptualise a framework for a technical guideline for future implementation of green roof systems in Malaysia.

Pages 05-10
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

ASSESSMENT OF TRACE METALS USING CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS IN KUANTAN RIVER, EAST COAST MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

 

ASSESSMENT OF TRACE METALS USING CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS IN KUANTAN RIVER, EAST COAST MALAYSIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Fikriah Faudzi, Kamaruzzaman Yunus, Mohd Fuad Miskon, Azman Azid

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.01.04

Chemometric techniques were applied to identify and assess the trace metals of Kuantan River water. Water samples from nine sampling stations were taken from downstream of the estuary towards the upstream of Kuantan River. The following trace metals were selected for analysis i.e. Hg, Cd, Pb, As, Co and Cr. To evaluate chemical variation on the variables, multivariate statistical methods like principal components analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA) and discriminant analysis (DA) were performed. The homogeneity characteristics between the stations were integrated by cluster analysis, which were represented by dendrograms and were classified according to their surrounded activities. PCA was identified four factors namely Cr, Hg, Pb and Co explaining 77.8% of the total variance. PCA revealed that Kuantan River is strongly affected by point sources such as commercial wastewater, industries and non-point sources especially from agriculture activities. The CA classified three clusters as commercial centre (CC), residential areas (RA) and agricultural areas (AA). AA located in the upstream is less polluted than RA, while CC located in the downstream is more polluted than RA. These statistical approaches and results yielded useful information including identification of pollution sources/factors and understanding temporal variations in river water for effective river water quality management.

Pages 01-04
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

WATER QUALITY OF THE KEBIR WATERSHED, NORTHEAST OF ALGERIA

ABSTRACT

 

WATER QUALITY OF THE KEBIR WATERSHED, NORTHEAST OF ALGERIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Amina Amamra, Kamel Khanchoul

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.28.32

Water is a natural resource indispensable not only for the maintenance of human life and health but also for the preservation of all ecosystems and economic activities. At the global level, water is threatened in its quality and quantity by various pollutions such as uncontrolled urban and industrial wastes, excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and the exploitation irrationality of this resource. Water quality in Kebir River has been adversely affected by pollutants usually without any treatment. Chemical and physical degradations are due to agricultural and industrial practices and domestic wastewaters. The aim of the present study is to evaluate water quality of the Kebir and Bougous rivers. The physicochemical parameters are analyzed by using the Titrimetry standard procedure and a Spectrophotometer device. The observed values of different physical and chemical parameters like temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, chloride ions, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, nitrite, nitrate, and ammonium have been also performed. Water is sampled at three study sites with four surveys during 2015 and 2016. The results show the existence of a seasonal variation of the physicochemical element concentrations. Also, there is an eutrophication caused mainly by chemical fertilizers used for agriculture. The present findings alert the inhabitant’s sanitation of irrigation water and environmental hygiene, where water quality varies from a moderate pollution state at some sampling stations to a very strong pollution downstream. The used parameters can also be useful when searching deeply for pollution causes and when planning preventive measures for protective purpose.

Pages 28-32
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din

TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER THROUGH ADSORPTION USING DIFFERENT WASTE BIOMASS AS ACTIVATED CARBON

ABSTRACT

 

TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER THROUGH ADSORPTION USING DIFFERENT WASTE BIOMASS AS ACTIVATED CARBON

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Mustafa Kamal, Rizwan Younas, Muhammad Zaheer, Muhammad Shahid

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.21.27

Water purification is very necessary to provide clean and quality water to all livings for their survival. Various techniques for water treatment is in use now a days. The most common and useable method is the adsorption. The activated carbons generated from different ingredients like walnut shell, bagasse and the rice husk. The adsorbent generated from activated carbon can be efficiently utilized for municipal wastewater to be treated to reduce TSS, TDS, COD, turbidity, EC, pH and Temperature. These activated carbons occur naturally and environmentally friendly. Also, no bad effect on humans. Mostly used for the treatment of municipal wastewater. Walnut Shell, Bagasse and Rice Husk conversion to activated carbon minimizing the cost of waste transfer and gives cheap resources for generation of activated carbon.

Pages 21-27
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

Download

Posted by din