Environmental control in petroleum operations
Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)
Author: Mehdi Foroozanfar
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
With the ascent of the environmental conservation movement, the petroleum industry has placed greater affirmation on minimizing the environmental impact of its operation. Improved environmental protection needs better education and training of industry personnel. The activities of finding and producing petroleum, however, can impact the environment, and the greatest impact arises from the release of waste into the environment in concentration that are not naturally found. These wastes include hydrocarbons, solids contaminated with hydrocarbons, water contaminated with a variety of dissolved and suspended solids and a wide variety of chemicals. The most significant steps in reducing adverse environmental influence are for the industry to take a proactive approach to managing operations and become educated about those activities that can potentially damage the environment. The proactive approach includes adopting an attitude of environmental responsibility not just to comply with regulations but to actually protect the environment while doing business. Petroleum operations requires a conception of assembled issues facing the upstream petroleum industry. These issues pertain to operations that generate wastes, treatment methods to reduce their volume and/or toxicity. In this article the importance of auditing in all processes of production and drilling in petroleum industry has been shown.