Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN SOFT TISSUE OF SACCOSTREA CUCULLATA IN TERENGGANU AND EAST JOHOR COASTAL WATERS

DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN SOFT TISSUE OF SACCOSTREA CUCULLATA IN TERENGGANU AND EAST JOHOR COASTAL WATERS

ABSTRACT

 

DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN SOFT TISSUE OF SACCOSTREA CUCULLATA IN TERENGGANU AND EAST JOHOR COASTAL WATERS

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Siti Nabila Mat Ali, Muhammad Farhan Kammoo, Nik Nurizni Nik Ali, Mohd Fuad Miskon

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.14.19

This study determined the concentration and accumulation pattern of REEs in the soft tissue of Saccostrea cucullata with respect to interspatial variability. Variability in the concentration of REEs in soft tissue of S. cucullata was observed in all samples with significant differences among samples associated with sampling sites (p < 0.05). The distribution pattern of REEs’ concentration in soft tissue of S. cucullata is uniformly distributed among sampling sites with enrichment of light REE, LREE over heavy REE, HREE. The same accumulation pattern indicate that REEs are transported as a coherent group in aquatic ecosystem. All REEs yielded positive correlation among each elements in the soft tissue of S. cucullata. Average distribution of REEs in soft tissue of S. cucullata indicated that East Johor has the most abundance of REEs’ concentration compared to Terengganu coastal water. This occurrence probably due to higher urbanization and industrialization activities such as sewage and effluent wastes. ST10 located in East Johor region has the most abundance of REEs while ST4 located in Terengganu region has the lowest concentration of REEs with Ce as the most abundance element and Dy as the least abundance element. The distribution pattern of REEs’ concentration in this study is slightly different. There is significant differences between concentration of all REEs in the soft tissue of S. cucullata in the year of 2013 and 2017 except for La, Ce and Nd (p < 0.05).

Pages 14-19
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF BLACK SMOKE ORIGINATE FROM KILNS ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

ABSTRACT

 

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF BLACK SMOKE ORIGINATE FROM KILNS ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Muhammad Tariq Sarwar, Hanhui Zhan, Muhammad Adrees, Jia xin Yang, Li Rong

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.11.13

In recent years, rural industries have developed unexpectedly leading to augmented pollution and consequently affected human health, agriculture, horticulture as well as forestry. Transportation, urbanization and brick kilns playing an important role in the devastation of the environment and also cause global warming. Used different kinds of materials as fuel like wood, oil, saw dust and coal to burn the brick kilns. Many harmful and dangerous gases produced such as Oxides of Nitrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Carbon monoxide and particulate matters. These emissions from brick kilns damage the environment and also hazardous for human health. This study provides the basic information to understand the issues and highlight their impacts on the natural environment, food production and human health arising from the brick kilns emissions.

Pages 11-13
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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DESIGNING A GUIDELINE FOR GREEN ROOF SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

 

DESIGNING A GUIDELINE FOR GREEN ROOF SYSTEM IN MALAYSIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Siew, Z. B., Chin, C. M. M, Sakundarini, N.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.05.10

Green roof system is widely implemented because of its environmental and economic benefits and aesthetic value to a building. There are numerous successful green roof projects, both extensive and intensive in Malaysia. However, there is no specific technical guideline for the planning, design and construction of green roof system catered to the climate and background of Malaysia. The aim of the research is to propose and develop a technical guideline of extensive green roof system in Malaysia on the planning, design and construction aspects of vegetation, substrate, filter, drainage and root penetration barrier. Comparative literature review of guidelines from Hong Kong, Singapore and Sydney were leveraged upon to propose an appropriate guideline for Malaysia’s market. In-depth interviews were carried out with green roof experts to collect feedbacks on the proposed guideline in the validation stage. The output from this research will conceptualise a framework for a technical guideline for future implementation of green roof systems in Malaysia.

Pages 05-10
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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ASSESSMENT OF TRACE METALS USING CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS IN KUANTAN RIVER, EAST COAST MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

 

ASSESSMENT OF TRACE METALS USING CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS IN KUANTAN RIVER, EAST COAST MALAYSIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Fikriah Faudzi, Kamaruzzaman Yunus, Mohd Fuad Miskon, Azman Azid

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2019.01.04

Chemometric techniques were applied to identify and assess the trace metals of Kuantan River water. Water samples from nine sampling stations were taken from downstream of the estuary towards the upstream of Kuantan River. The following trace metals were selected for analysis i.e. Hg, Cd, Pb, As, Co and Cr. To evaluate chemical variation on the variables, multivariate statistical methods like principal components analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA) and discriminant analysis (DA) were performed. The homogeneity characteristics between the stations were integrated by cluster analysis, which were represented by dendrograms and were classified according to their surrounded activities. PCA was identified four factors namely Cr, Hg, Pb and Co explaining 77.8% of the total variance. PCA revealed that Kuantan River is strongly affected by point sources such as commercial wastewater, industries and non-point sources especially from agriculture activities. The CA classified three clusters as commercial centre (CC), residential areas (RA) and agricultural areas (AA). AA located in the upstream is less polluted than RA, while CC located in the downstream is more polluted than RA. These statistical approaches and results yielded useful information including identification of pollution sources/factors and understanding temporal variations in river water for effective river water quality management.

Pages 01-04
Year 2019
Issue 2
Volume 3

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WATER QUALITY OF THE KEBIR WATERSHED, NORTHEAST OF ALGERIA

ABSTRACT

 

WATER QUALITY OF THE KEBIR WATERSHED, NORTHEAST OF ALGERIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Amina Amamra, Kamel Khanchoul

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.28.32

Water is a natural resource indispensable not only for the maintenance of human life and health but also for the preservation of all ecosystems and economic activities. At the global level, water is threatened in its quality and quantity by various pollutions such as uncontrolled urban and industrial wastes, excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and the exploitation irrationality of this resource. Water quality in Kebir River has been adversely affected by pollutants usually without any treatment. Chemical and physical degradations are due to agricultural and industrial practices and domestic wastewaters. The aim of the present study is to evaluate water quality of the Kebir and Bougous rivers. The physicochemical parameters are analyzed by using the Titrimetry standard procedure and a Spectrophotometer device. The observed values of different physical and chemical parameters like temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, chloride ions, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, nitrite, nitrate, and ammonium have been also performed. Water is sampled at three study sites with four surveys during 2015 and 2016. The results show the existence of a seasonal variation of the physicochemical element concentrations. Also, there is an eutrophication caused mainly by chemical fertilizers used for agriculture. The present findings alert the inhabitant’s sanitation of irrigation water and environmental hygiene, where water quality varies from a moderate pollution state at some sampling stations to a very strong pollution downstream. The used parameters can also be useful when searching deeply for pollution causes and when planning preventive measures for protective purpose.

Pages 28-32
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER THROUGH ADSORPTION USING DIFFERENT WASTE BIOMASS AS ACTIVATED CARBON

ABSTRACT

 

TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER THROUGH ADSORPTION USING DIFFERENT WASTE BIOMASS AS ACTIVATED CARBON

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Mustafa Kamal, Rizwan Younas, Muhammad Zaheer, Muhammad Shahid

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.21.27

Water purification is very necessary to provide clean and quality water to all livings for their survival. Various techniques for water treatment is in use now a days. The most common and useable method is the adsorption. The activated carbons generated from different ingredients like walnut shell, bagasse and the rice husk. The adsorbent generated from activated carbon can be efficiently utilized for municipal wastewater to be treated to reduce TSS, TDS, COD, turbidity, EC, pH and Temperature. These activated carbons occur naturally and environmentally friendly. Also, no bad effect on humans. Mostly used for the treatment of municipal wastewater. Walnut Shell, Bagasse and Rice Husk conversion to activated carbon minimizing the cost of waste transfer and gives cheap resources for generation of activated carbon.

Pages 21-27
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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PERCEPTION OF GOVERNMENT SERVANTS IN SHAH ALAM ON THE UTILIZATION OF FOOD WASTE AS A RESOURCE FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT

 

PERCEPTION OF GOVERNMENT SERVANTS IN SHAH ALAM ON THE UTILIZATION OF FOOD WASTE AS A RESOURCE FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Alia Samsudin, Mohd Armi Abu Samah, Mohd Yusuff Ishak

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.16.20

A survey was done to find out the perception towards the practice of using food waste as a source for biogas in Malaysia. The objectives of the study were to see the perception on this issue and also to analyze the relationship between the knowledge of the respondents regarding food waste and biogas, and their habits in handling food waste with their perception. The respondents for this survey were government servants working in Shah Alam. From the survey, it was found out that they have generally positive perception towards the idea of implementing the utilization of food waste generated daily as a source for the production of biogas. However, it was found out through this study that the respondents have very little knowledge regarding food waste and biogas in general. There are significant positive relationships seen between the knowledge and their habits in handling food waste with the perception of the respondents about this issue. This shows that the public needs to be more educated regarding this issue.

Pages 16-20
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES WITH PROMOTING WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

ABSTRACT

 

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES WITH PROMOTING WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Shubham Sharma, Shivam Upadhyay, Bharat Singh

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.10.15

Being a developing nation, India is undergoing several issues in its journey from being developing to developed. Out of these issues’ proper management of waste and unemployment are two major hurdles in its journey of growth and prosperity. The Press Information Bureau states that the approx. 62 million tonnes waste is generated annually in India & the count of unemployed people in India is reduced to 44.85 Million from 48.26 Million if we compare the data of 2016 & 2014. But this decrease in value of unemployed people is still less to achieve the status of developed and prosperous nation. Hence the focus of the study mentioned in this paper is to convert the problem of waste management into a fruitful solution of providing employment opportunities to skilled, un-skilled and semi-skilled people which will lead to clear and hygienic atmosphere. Presently India is the sixth-largest economy of the world by nominal GDP and in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) it is the Third Largest. India is playing a vital role in the world’s economy but the first question which comes in our mind after knowing this, is “What is the contribution status of India in terms of world’s environmental concern? “As per the data provided by authorities such as Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, India is producing around 60-65 metric tonnes waste per year basis. But our main concern should be, that we are still not able to Re-utilize more than 20% of the total waste generated per year. Challenges are very common and basic like unsegregated waste, unsystematic waste collection, inappropriate recycling and unscientific disposal and so on. India has the capacity of generating 2.54 GW electricity by using Waste to Energy process. In coming few years India’s waste management market has the potential to give the additional support to the nation’s economy with the worth of 14 billion USD with the rapid annual growth rate of 7 %. Thus, we need to improve all related challenges and should focus on making our nation clean, healthy and prosperous in terms of economy and environment.

Pages 10-15
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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BEACH LITTER AND GRADING OF THE COASTAL LANDSCAPE FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SECTIONS OF GUYANA’S COAST

ABSTRACT

 

BEACH LITTER AND GRADING OF THE COASTAL LANDSCAPE FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SECTIONS OF GUYANA’S COAST

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Oyedotun, T. D. T., Johnson-Bhola, L

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.01.2019.01.09

Beach litter constitutes one of the glaring signs of pollution in coastal landscape and environment. In this study, litter presence and composition were assessed for the five (5) sampling sites along the coastline in three (3) Administrative Regions (Regions 4, 5, and 6) in Guyana based on fieldwork carried out in January 2018. Survey of beach litters represents a fundamental, standard, and documented tool for monitoring pollution in a coastal environment and this method was used in evaluating, classifying, and quantifying the composition of beach litters along the five (5) sites aforementioned. This study showed that the litter contents varied considerable among the sampling sites. However, out of all the categories of beach litter items in all of the sample sites, plastic materials accounted for most of the litter followed by metal, paper/card, glass, wood fragments, clothing materials, organic materials, and pottery at 48.2%, 20.8%, 11.5%, 6.8%, 4.7%, 4.6%, 3.2%, and 0.2% respectively. The average grading of the beaches shows that none could be graded A (very good), without cleaning up of such areas of litter. Rosignol beach (Sample Site 3) and Georgetown beach (Sample Site 5) were the only beaches with average grade C (fair) while the other three (3) samples sites could only be graded D, very poor. This paper highlights the geographic distribution, pattern, and litter composition in the study areas. To meet the demands of the potential beach users for the purpose of coastal tourism and to benefit from the growing “sun, sea, and sand (3S)” industry, conscious and strategic Beach Litter Management and Monitoring, among other recommendations, is suggested in this study.

Pages 01-09
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 3

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MODELING FLOOD HAZARD USING SWAT AND 3D ANALYSIS IN TERENGGANU WATERSHED

ABSTRACT

 

MODELING FLOOD HAZARD USING SWAT AND 3D ANALYSIS IN TERENGGANU WATERSHED

Journal: Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS)

Author: Ibrahim Sufiyan, J.I Magaji

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Doi: 10.26480/jcleanwas.02.2018.19.24

One of the anthropogenic interference is the modification of natural habitat into the man-made environment, such as agriculture, urbanization mining, lumbering as well as industrialization. The kenyir lake as an artificial lake, attract tourist from all over the world because of its natural beauty sustainable development an eco-tourism attraction. This study will focus on how the natural landscape will be conserved and what is the composition of the land cover surrounding the Lake kenyir. The current issues that course for concern are the changes observed and detected from the land use, land cover (LULC) through the use of soil water assessment tool (SWAT) ArcSWAT 2012. The study area was finally characterized by a delineated watershed, sub-basin parameters for calculation of hydrologic response units (HRUs). this includes the nature and orientation of the slope; digital elevation model (DEM), local soil classification and the land cover found around the environment. The 3D simulation was applied to predict the flow of water from the subbasins and from the lake that drained into a larger body of water toward the river mouth of Kuala Terengganu to empty into the South China Sea.

Pages 19-24
Year 2018
Issue 2
Volume 2

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